The aim of the course is to present how the experiments in elementary particle
physics are designed and how the data taken in these experiments are analyzed in
order to get the physics results.
A selection of old and recent experiments are considered and discussed.
At the end, the students should be able to understand and discuss research papers
describing measurements done in elementary particle physics experiments.
Beginning of the course: October 1st Aula 5 -
Program of the lectures (preliminary)
1. Introduction: the history of elementary particle physics experiments and
their most important aspects.
2. Logic of an experiment: event selection, efficiencies and backgrounds,
3. Physical quantities to be measured: cross-section, branching ratios,
mass, width and lifetime of particles, asymmetries. Discussion of the
uncertainties included in each specific measurement.
4. How to design an experiment: examples of few simple measurements. Examples
of detectors in different areas of particle physics.
5. Data analysis methods: Event selection. Measurements based on
event counting. Analysis of event distributions: the fit. Fit examples.
Kinematic fits. Search for "New Physics": upper/lower limits.
During the lectures, papers with measurements done in recent experiments will
be given to the students.