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Nuclear and Subnuclear Physics I


presentazione_LNGS_07041_crip.pdf
  • Previous Page(Particle Physics)

  • Lecture 1a:
    1. Introduction to the particle phyisics.
      • Production of elementary particles.
      • Detection of elementary particles.
    2. Units.
  • Lecture 1b:
    1. Nuclear Physics: discoveries.
    2. Electron:
      • The discovery of electron (J.J.Thomson,1897)
      • The electron charge (Millikan).
  • Lecture 2a:
    1. Rutherford scattering experiment.
  • Lecture 2b:
    1. Cross section.
    2. Scattering process: elastic, inelastic.
    3. Absorption coefficient, attenuation lenght and free mean path.
    4. Luminosity. Luminosity in colliding beam. Integrated luminosity. Example: LHC.
    5. Differential cross section.
  • Lecture 3a:
    1. Rutherford Scattering.
    2. Impact parameter and scattering angle.
    3. The cross section in the Rutherford Scattering.
  • Lecture 3b:
    1. The building blocks of the nucleus: The proton.
    2. The building blocks of the nucleus: The neutron.
  • Lecture 4a:
    1. Energy deposition in media.
    2. Charged Particle Energy Loss.
    3. Energy loss by ionization.
    4. Energy loss for electrons and positrons.
    5. Energy loss through bremmstrahlung.
    6. Multiple scattering.
    7. Cherenkov effect.
  • Lecture 4b:
    1. Interactions of photons with matter.
    2. Photoelectric effect.
    3. Compton scattering.
    4. Pair production.
    5. Electromagnetic shower.
  • Lecture 5a:
    1. Interactions of hadrons with matter.
  • Lecture 5b:
    1. Ionization detectors.
      • Operational regions of ionization detectors: recombination, proportional, Geiger-Müller region.
    2. Scintillation detectors.
    3. Cherenkov detectors.
    4. Calorimeters.
    5. Semiconductors detectors.
    6. Magnetic spectrometer.
  • Lecture 6a:
    1. Cosmic Rays.
    2. Positron.
    3. The muon and pion.
    4. Strangeness.
    5. Antiproton.
    6. Neutrinos.
    7. Weak interaction.
    8. τ lepton.
    9. ντ lepton.
  • Lecture 6b:
    1. Accelerators.
    2. Cyclotron.
    3. Synchrocyclotron.
    4. Synchrotron.
    5. Fixed target accelerator and Colliders.
  • Lecture 7a:
    1. Elementary particles.
    2. Quantum numbers.
      • Baryon number.
      • Lepton number.
      • Strangeness.
      • Isospin.
      • Gell-Mann-Nishijima relation.
      • Violation of quantum numbers.
    3. Introduction to Standard Model of elementary particles.
  • Lecture 8a:
    1. Symmetries and invariances.
    2. Discrete Symmetries.
      • Parity.
      • Charge Conjugation.
      • Time Reversal.
    3. Parity Violation
    4. CP, CPT and CP Violation.
      • CPT theorem.
  • Lecture 9a: (details nexpage)
    1. Nuclear Phenomenolgy.
    2. Properties of Nuclei.
  • Lecture 9b: (details next page)
    1. Nuclear Models.
    2. Liquid Drop Model.
    3. The Fermi-Gas Model.
    4. The Shell Model.
    5. Collective Model.
  • Lecture 9c: (details next page)
    1. Nuclear Radiation.
      • Alpha decay
      • Tunnel effect
      • Beta decay
      • Gamma Decay
      • Radioactivity and lifetime
      • Natural Radioactivity and Radioactive Dating
  • Lecture 9d. (details next page)
    1. Applications of Nuclear Physics.
    2. Nuclear Fission.
      • Uranium fission.
    3. Nuclear Fusion.
  • Lecture Frascati Accelerators: David Alesini .
    1. Lecture Frascati Thesis & opportunities at LNF: Paola Gianotti .
    2. Lecture LNGS .
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